Ancient Civilizations of Georgia

Learn more about the ancient Native American civilizations that existed in Georgia before the arrival of Europeans. Includes videos, 3-D computer reconstructions, extensive image galleries and in-depth articles on Georgia archaeological sites such as Sapelo Shell Rings, Rock Eagle, Fort Mountain, Kolomoki Mounds, Ocmulgee Mounds and Etowah Mounds.

Sapelo Shell Rings (2170 BC)

The Sapelo Shell Rings Complex is the most ancient Native American civilization in the state of Georgia and is older than the pyramids of Egypt! See 3-D computer reconstructions and take a virtual reality tour of this lost city consisting of three circular villages each with a circular central plaza and each surrounded by a massive circular wall constructed from tons of sea shells.

Rock Eagle & Rock Hawk (100 AD)

Rock Eagle is an effigy mound in the shape of a bird with its wings spread. It is believed to have been constructed around 2,000 years ago. It is one of only two such structures known to exist east of the Mississippi river with the second structure known as Rock Hawk also located nearby.

Were the Maya Mining Gold in Georgia?

Is there evidence that the Maya were in Georgia and Florida? If so, why were they there? Were they mining gold and shipping it back to Mexico? Does a gold artifact discovered in a Florida mound in the 1800s offer positive proof of this? Let’s look at the evidence and see what it suggests about […]

More early dwellings at Ocmulgee monument site, archaeologist finds

An ancient civilization of mound builders who lived near the Ocmulgee River just northeast of what is now downtown Macon may have been home to more native people than originally thought. Though the research, much of it done with a ground-scanning instrument to roughly map underground shapes and forms, is still under way, early analysis seems to indicate more unearthed dwellings at the site than were previously known to have existed.

Kolomoki Mounds (500 AD)

The Kolomoki Mounds site is believed to have been the most populous Native American community north of Mexico during its time period. The site consists of nine earthen mounds built between the years A.D. 350 and 750.

Ocmulgee Mounds (1000 AD)

Ocmulgee Mounds located in Macon, Geogia consists of seven mounds and associated plazas. The Great Temple Mound at Ocmulgee was built atop the Macon Plateau and rises 56 feet high from the surface of the plateau.

Etowah Mounds (1250 AD)

The Etowah Mounds complex consists of six earthen Indian mounds all in the traditional Mississippian truncated pyramid shape. These Indian mounds were built between 950 A.D. and 1450 A.D. although major construction didn’t truly begin until around A.D. 1250.