Learn more about the ancient Native American civilizations that existed in Georgia before the arrival of Europeans. Includes videos, 3-D computer reconstructions, extensive image galleries and in-depth articles on Georgia archaeological sites such as Sapelo Shell Rings, Rock Eagle, Fort Mountain, Kolomoki Mounds, Ocmulgee Mounds and Etowah Mounds.
The Sapelo Shell Rings Complex is the most ancient Native American civilization in the state of Georgia and is older than the pyramids of Egypt! See 3-D computer reconstructions and take a virtual reality tour of this lost city consisting of three circular villages each with a circular central plaza and each surrounded by a massive circular wall constructed from tons of sea shells.
Rock Eagle is an effigy mound in the shape of a bird with its wings spread. It is believed to have been constructed around 2,000 years ago. It is one of only two such structures known to exist east of the Mississippi river with the second structure known as Rock Hawk also located nearby.
A mysterious stone wall constructed atop Fort Mountain in north Georgia around 400 AD could represent an astronomical observatory built by people from Mexico.
The Kolomoki Mounds site is believed to have been the most populous Native American community north of Mexico during its time period. The site consists of nine earthen mounds built between the years A.D. 350 and 750.
Ocmulgee Mounds located in Macon, Geogia consists of seven mounds and associated plazas. The Great Temple Mound at Ocmulgee was built atop the Macon Plateau and rises 56 feet high from the surface of the plateau.
The Etowah Mounds complex consists of six earthen Indian mounds all in the traditional Mississippian truncated pyramid shape. These Indian mounds were built between 950 A.D. and 1450 A.D. although major construction didn’t truly begin until around A.D. 1250.
The state of Georgia has seen monumental construction projects being built for over 4,000 years. Beginning with the shell rings of Sapelo Island and ending with the Great Temple Mound at Etowah, the native peoples of Georgia were an industrious people with many great accomplishments including the first known pottery in North America.