In 2004 I argued that the site of Etowah Mounds in Cartersville, Georgia was inhabited by elites from Cahokia, a Native American metropolis near St. Louis, Missouri. I made this argument based on the fact that the Etowah site received a large influx of people around 1250 AD at the same time that the Cahokia […]
When one thinks of the Dakota Sioux what instantly springs to mind are images of Indians on horseback hunting buffalo on the Great Plains and living in teepees. Yet long before the Dakota Sioux lived in North and South Dakota (two states named after this tribe) could they have actually resided in Georgia? It is […]
Why was a fortified town built on the lower Chattahoochee River in southwest Georgia around 1100 AD? Known as the Cool Branch Site by archaeologists, it was the first “Mississippian” town in that part of Georgia. The Mississippian culture was a Native American culture that built towns featuring earthen pyramids built around central plazas. These […]
Was the Ocmulgee earth lodge an astronomical observatory and sophisticated scientific apparatus designed to forewarn its designers of impending catastrophe coming from the heavens? Introduction The earth lodge at the Ocmulgee Mounds site in Macon, Georgia is a unique building among Native American archaeological sites in the Southeast. It is a round building completely covered […]
Distribution of Swift Creek sites in Southeastern U.S. The arrival of corn at the Fort Center and Ortona sites in the Lake Okeechobee area of Florida by 200 AD coincides with a pottery tradition known as Swift Creek. In fact, this pottery tradition appears in the same places where the Hitchiti language was spoken thus […]
One of the many mysteries involving the ancient Maya is the origin of a blue pigment they used to paint murals and buildings. Archaeologists have searched far and wide for the source of this pigment. It now appears that the largest source of the clay that makes this pigment can be found in southwest Georgia. […]
Learn more about the ancient Native American civilizations that existed in Georgia before the arrival of Europeans. Includes videos, 3-D computer reconstructions, extensive image galleries and in-depth articles on Georgia archaeological sites such as Sapelo Shell Rings, Rock Eagle, Fort Mountain, Kolomoki Mounds, Ocmulgee Mounds and Etowah Mounds.
The Sapelo Shell Rings Complex is the most ancient Native American civilization in the state of Georgia and is older than the pyramids of Egypt! See 3-D computer reconstructions and take a virtual reality tour of this lost city consisting of three circular villages each with a circular central plaza and each surrounded by a massive circular wall constructed from tons of sea shells.
In 1937, archaeologists in Georgia unearthed a surprise: a dog effigy pot that looked like a Chihuahua. How did Chihuahuas, a native dog of Mexico, get to Georgia? In 1937, about two hours southwest of Atlanta, archaeologists unearthed a surprise: an ancient dog effigy pot in a Native American cemetery near Columbus, Georgia. Known as […]
Do three dog effigy pots excavated in Georgia in the 1930s at the Bull Creek Site and one from the Neisler Mound site represent the Chihuahua breed, a native dog of Mexico? Is the tribe most likely associated with these pots the Kasihta/Cussetta Creek Indians whose migration legends strongly suggest an origin in west Mexico, […]
When Europeans first stepped foot in Florida and Georgia they all recorded eye-witness accounts of Native Americans in possession of gold. The Spanish expedition of Narvaez saw a Native American wearing gold trinkets in northwest Florida and inquired about the origins of the gold. The Indian told Narvaez that it came from a far-away province […]