Mysterious Golden Spheres Found in Tunnel Beneath Mexican Pyramid

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Courtesy DMC, INAH/M. MARAT

The massive pre-Columbian site of Teotihuacan just outside of Mexico City still has many mysteries. Reaching its height around 200 AD after the completion of two enormous pyramids, archaeologists still know very little about who built this place or why. As mysterious as the pyramids is the fact that they were constructed over enormous underground tunnels. Adding to this mystery is the recent discovery of hundreds of golden spheres lying about the floor of one of these tunnels. Read the story below to learn more:

Hundreds of mysterious spheres lie beneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, an ancient six-level step pyramid just 30 miles from Mexico City.

The enigmatic spheres were found during an archaeological dig using a camera-equipped robot at one of the most important buildings in the pre-Hispanic city of Teotihuacan.

“They look like yellow spheres, but we do not know their meaning. It’s an unprecedented discovery,” said Jorge Zavala, an archaeologist at Mexico’s National Anthropology and History Institute.

The Mesoamerican ruins of Teotihuacan, a World Heritage Site, represent one of the largest urban centers of the ancient world. Thought to have been established around 100 B.C., the pyramid-filled city had more than 100,000 inhabitants at its peak, but was abandoned for mysterious reasons around 700 A.D. — long before the Aztecs arrived in the 1300s.

The excavation at the temple focused on a 330-foot-long tunnel which runs under the structure. The conduit was discovered in 2003 when heavy rain uncovered a hole a few feet from the pyramid.

Exploring the tunnel, which was deliberately filled with debris and ruins by the Teotihuacan people, required several years of preliminary work and planning.

Read the full article here: http://news.discovery.com/history/archaeology/mysterious-spheres-emerge-from-ancient-temple-130429.htm

Ancient Mexicans Took Sacrifice Victims From Afar

11/04/2007 23:56

MEXICO CITY (Reuters) – Ancient Mexicans brought human sacrifice
victims from hundreds of miles (km) away over centuries to sanctify a
pyramid in the oldest city in North America, an archaeologist said on
Wednesday.

DNA tests on the skeletons of more than 50 victims discovered in 2004
in the Pyramid of the Moon at the Teotihuacan ruins revealed they
were from far away Mayan, Pacific or Atlantic coastal cultures.

The bodies, many of which were decapitated, dated from between 50 AD
and 500 AD and were killed at different times to dedicate new stages
of construction of the pyramid just north of Mexico City.

The victims were likely either captured in war or obtained through
some kind of diplomacy, said archaeologist Ruben Cabrera, who led the
excavation at the pyramid, the smaller of two main pyramids are
Teotihuacan, which housed some 200,000 inhabitants at its height of
power around 500 AD.

“Teotihuacan may have had a tradition of capturing prisoners for
sacrifice,” said Cabrera.

Ancient Mexican civilisations like the Aztecs sacrificed humans by
cutting their hearts out but researchers are not sure how the victims
at Teotihuacan were killed.

Little is known about the race that inhabited Teotihuacan or what
language they spoke.

The site, Mexico’s oldest major archaeological site, was revered by
later Mesoamerican civilisations, including the Aztecs, who gave it
its current name, meaning “The place where gods are made” in their
Nahuatl language.

Teotihuacan icons found in far away Mayan ruins in Guatemala and
Honduras show the city’s broad reach.

Littered among the victims’ bodies at the pyramid are remains of
animals that had symbolic importance including pumas, coyotes, eagles
and snakes as well as a large number of precious objects like
obsidian knives.

Discoveries in the early 1980s of sacrificial victims and weapons
skewered previous theories that Teotihuacan had a peaceful culture,
unlike the warlike Aztecs and Maya.

“Researchers always tried to throw a little fog over it, but there
was human sacrifice even if we don’t know if it had to do with wars,”
said Cabrera.

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