The first treaty made under the provisions of the 1830 Indian Removal Act was the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek with the Choctaw that same year. Mass confusion reigned among the Choctaw of southwestern Alabama and Mississippi as they were forced to leave their homes and lands. Cold, cholera, hunger and despair were their constant companions on the trail to Oklahoma. Some Choctaw were able to escape or avoid removal and they formed the nucleus of the tribe today. They adopted the name “MOWA Choctaw Indians” to identify the Indians in Mobile and Washington Counties who are descended from several Indian tribes including Choctaw, Creek, Cherokee, Mescalero and Apache.